Montenegro Adriatic sea
Skadar Lake National Park
As a forerunner of today’s Montenegro are considered medieval principality Duklja and Zeta. Montenegro during the Turkish rule had some sort of autonomy and its independence of Turkey was confirmed by the Congress of Berlin in 1878. From 1918 it was part of all three of Yugoslavia. In a referendum held on 21st May 2006, the citizens of Montenegro voted for independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Montenegro has good conditions for development of all types of tourism, as it has magnificent beaches, the mountainous region in the north, rich cultural heritage and well -preserved natural environment. Montenegro has been a famous tourist resort in the 1980s, but because of the wars in neighboring countries during the 1990s, its image as a tourist destination discredited. Montenegrin tourism has started to recover by the beginning of 2000 and since then the number of tourists and overnight stays has significantly increased.
The culture of Montenegro was formed by diversity of influences throughout its history. The influence of Orthodoxy, Slavdom, Central Europe, Islam and the maritime culture of the Mediterranean sea (from parts of Italy, such as the Venetian Republic) was present in the last few centuries. Montenegro has many significant cultural and historical monuments, including monuments from pre-Roman, Gothic and Baroque periods. Montenegro’s medieval monasteries contain thousands of square meters of frescoes.
Montenegrin Olympic Committee in July 2007 was admitted to membership of the International Olympic Committee and Montenegro as an independent country had its first appearance at the Olympics of 2008 in Beijing. Water polo is one of the most popular sports in the country. Montenegro won the European Championship of 2008 in Malaga in its first participation after separation of Serbia and Montenegro. Among other spots the popular ones are football, basketball and handball.
Montenegro is the first country that was declared as an ecological state when the Parliament of Montenegro on 20th September 1991 in Zabljak adopted the “Declaration on Ecological State of Montenegro“. The item of Montenegro as an ecological state was entered in the Constitution of Montenegro in 1992. On the territory of Montenegro there are four national parks: Durmitor, Biograd Forest, Lake Skadar and Lovćen.
Cities on the Montenegrin coast will surely take your hart by its charm, variety and Mediterranean flavors. From Ulcinj (which was once a pirate town, nowadays is a tourist paradise), Bar (city full of historical monuments with a new modern city center, harbor, marina, hotels), Budva (that from Buljarice through Petrovac and St Stephen to Jaz represents a tourist metropolis of Montenegro), through Tivat ( beautiful and peaceful town), Kotor (which is under the protection of UNESCO as a cultural and artistic treasure) to Herceg Novi (an irresistible tourist town full of greenery, flowers, stairs and beautiful historic objects) whwreby each city is a different story. In every city you can find restaurants with traditional dishes and seafood dishes, coffee shops, with beautiful terraces and excellent cocktails, hotels with pleasant staff and a beautiful view of the sea. You will not see anywhere more beautiful sunset, an explosion of colors and emotions, contrasts of mountains and the sea – such as at the Montenegrin coast.
At the first time you find yourself in front of the Monastery Ostrog, the primary thought will be that this is not the work of human hands. This magnificent monastery is located high above the Bjelopavlici plains, carved into the rocks that seems to keep centuries lasting secrets of this sanctuary. Ostrog Monastery was founded by Metropolitan Vasilije in the Seventeenth Century. The most magnificent part of the monastery is Upper Ostrog. Thereby are located two small churches upper church dedicated to Holy Cross. The second one, the lower church of the upper monastery is dedicated to the Presentation of Virgin. Ostrog is visited by people of all religions and nations. This shrine is one of the most visited in Christian world.
Skadar Lake is the largest lake in the Balkans. Its specific and beauty reveals in rich flora and fauna. Skadar Lake is important habitat for aquatic birds. Rare curly pelican is the mark of a national park. The average depth of Skadar Lake is 6 meters and as some parts of the bottom are below sea level, in some places reaches depths up to 60 m. Such places in Skadar Lake are called “eyes”.
Skadar Lake shore is picturesque and abounds in peninsulas and bays of swamp type. Skadar Lake hides numerous endemic species of flora and fauna. It is surrounded by the hills, small islands covered by wild pomegranate laurel and ivy. Skadar Lake is rich with cultural and historical monuments spread over a large part of this national park. Small abandoned fishing settlements located close to the water also represent exceptional cultural heritage. Lake Skadar by Ramsar Convention iin 1996 entered in the World list of wetlands of international importance.
Mountain ranges of Montenegro
Due to its indescribable beauty and untouched nature, since 1952 Durmitor was declared as national park. National park Durmitor spreads from mountain massive of Durmitor with canyons of Tara, Susica and Draga to the canyon valley Komarnica. Giant Durmitor abounds in imposing mountaintops and numerous glacier lakes surrounded by rich evergreen forests. Fast and clear rivers gifted Durmitor with magnificent canyons among which stands out the canyon of river Tara as one of the most beautiful in the world. Abundant flora and fauna of Durmitor attracts many nature lovers. Durmitor is included in the World Natural Heritage.
Canyon of the wild and untamed beauty of the river Tara, the second largest in the world, after the Colorado River. For centuries this “Tear of Europe” was hollowing this art masterpiece of priceless value, creating numerous straits and abysses that are truly breathtaking. Waterfalls and calm parts of the River Tara give impression of fairy scenery. Banks are full with vegetation while outstanding ones are forests of black pine with trees that are old and up to 400 years. This restless river challenge visitors of adventurous spirit to relax and pass unforgettable moments in rafting at its troubled waters. The Tara River and its canyon were named for the World Natural Heritage.
Piva canyon is characterized by the fact that human-altered force changed the work of nature. However, this does not greatly distort the essence and beauty of the river and canyon. The construction of hydropower plant (in 1975) and Mratinje Dam has created the artificial lake of Piva. The lake is deep in some places over 200 meters and is 45 km long. Piva river is very clean and the water is consistently safe to drink and the Piva Lake is considered to be the largest reservoir of fresh water in the world. Mratinje Dam is 220 meters high and it is among the largest dams of that kind in Europe. By partial flooding of the canyon, there was created the Piva Lake and thus was flooded an entire small town, Plužine. Plužine was completely relocated and built at a higher elevation on the coast of present-day Lake of Piva. A similar thing happened with the Piva Monastery which was literally taken to a higher elevation. Its construction began in 1573 and continued until 1586. Piva Monastery has a very rich treasure and for centuries was an important spiritual and cultural center of the area.
Biogradska Gora National Park is situated between rivers Tara and Lim in the middle of Bjelasica. Landscape of Biogradska Gora is intersected by green meadows and clear lakes reflecting centennial forests. What makes Biogradska Gora unique is Biogradska rainforest. At the heart of Biogradska rainforest there is Biogradsko Lake, the largest glacier lake in this National Park. Biogradska Gora abounds in cultural and historical heritage with sacred monuments of popular architecture and archaeological sites. Numerous authentic buildings of traditional architecture in the pastures and villages are spread over edges of mountain Bjelasica forest.
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