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Perast is an old town in Bay of Kotor, Montenegro.
It is situated a few kilometres northwest of Kotor.
Perast is an old town in Bay of Ko-tor. It is situated a few km northwest of Kotor, lies beneath the hill of St. Elijah (873 m), on a cape that sepa- rates the bay of Risan from the bay of Kotor (two smaller bays within the Boka Kotorska) and overlooks the Verige strait, the narrowest part of Boka. The average yearly tempera- ture in Perast is 18.3°C, and the number of sunny days is 240.
Perast Amateur Video
Venice owned the city between 1420 and 1797. The city’s sixteen Baroque palaces were mostly built in this period, too, as were its seventeen Catholic churches and two Orthodox churches. The old city does not have a defensive wall, but instead it has nine defensive towers, the most important of which is the tower of the Holy Cross. These were built by the navy of the Venetian Republic in the 15th and 16th centuries.
The two islands off Perast, Perast was at its peak in the 18th century under the Venetian Republic, when it had as many as four active shipyards, a fleet of around one hundred ships, and 1,643 residents. At that time the most beautiful buildings arose in this fortified town. Many ornate baroque palaces and magnificent dwelling-houses decorated the town of Perast, full of typical venetian architecture. The population has since decreased to 430 in 1910 and around 360 today. The fleet was dissolved by the rise of the steam engine.
Near Perast there are two small islands: one is called St. George island, and the other called Gospa od Skrpjela (Lady of the Rock), and each of them has a picturesque chapel. Gospa od Skrpjela is parti- cularly interesting given that it is the only artificially built island in the Adriatic, with an area of 3,030 m² — it was built upon a rock (Skrpjel) after two venetian sailors from Perast found a picture of the Virgin Mary on it in 1452. It is an artificial island created by bulwark of rocks and by sinking old and seized ships loaded with rocks. The custom of throwing rocks into the sea is alive even nowadays. Every year on the sunset of July 22, an event called fasinada, when local residents take their boats and throw rocks into the sea, widening the surface of the island, takes place. Island of Saint George is a natural island. The island contains Saint George Benedictine monastery from the 12th century and the old graveyard for the old nobility from Perast and further from the whole Bay of Kotor.
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